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Bulgarian crafts
Rose Oil

Rose oil is an essential oil, extracted from the rose blossoms – the queen of flowers and a symbol of love. It is one of the most expensive organic products in the world and is unique in its effects.

The main sort of rose used in modern rose oil production is rose damascena, whereas its origin is shrouded in mystery. One of the legends is that it comes from Persia. Between 10 – 17th centuries its capital Shiraz is the leading force in the manufacture and trade of odoriferous scents. According to another story the Crusaders took it during the 13th century from Syria. The third probability is that the Ottoman turks of the 16th century chose the most suitable location for its growth in their empire – the place Kazanlyk (Kazan – the place of stills). Whichever of the stories corresponds to the truth, it’s a fact that the Valley of Roses in question is regarded as the best and of highest quality place in the world for the growth of rose damascene, not only because if its perfect climate. Or as count Helmut von Moltke has noted during his visit in 1837: “The whole valley…picture of notable prosperity and splendid fertility, truly a Promised Land…”. During the 19th century the Valley of Roses dominates the world market for rose oil. So strongly that the Ottoman Turks plant it in Turkey at the end of the century. At the World Exhibition in Chicago in 1893 rose oil is celebrated as a symbol of all Bulgarian.

The high price of the rose oil is primarily based on its uniqueness and labour-consuming manufacture. The harvesting of the blossoms occurs in the third week of may and continues 3 – 4 weeks, as humidity is extremely important for fertility. It is gathered, transported and distilled early in the morning, while the blossoms are still covered in refreshing dew, all of this by hand. Distillation methods are steam, supercritical or in some cases mixed. The outcome is most often 1 kg. of rose oil for 3500 kg. of rose blossoms. The process culminates with the popular Festival of the Rose.

The uniqueness comes from the multicomponent effect of the rose oil – it features over 200 registered positives effects on the human organism, from psychosomatic to cardiovascular, such as:

–              The role as a neurotransmitter to the central neural system. On one side this leads to it becoming the perfect agent for intracellular communication. On the other it “awakens” psychosomatic reactions, helpful in the therapy of high blood pressure, stress, problems with brathing and the immune system a.o.

–              Exceptionally high levels of Vitamins A, B3, C, D, E, flavonoids, fructose, tanins a.o.

–              An unique reagent on human skin f.i.:

o             Toning and relieving effect on swelled capillaries in sensitive skin

o             Powerful humectant (the property to hold water in the cells)

o             Thanks to the unsaturated fat cells strengthens the hydro-lipid film on the skin

o             Because of the high compatibility with the skin chemistry it effectively participates in the creation of collagen.

These and other benefits are highly concentrated. One drop of rose oil in one bottle of water (oral use), in the day / night cream and in a f.i. 10 – 12 ml. base of oils for aromatherapy uses, is thoroughly sufficient for unleashing all benefits!





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